Saturday, March 17, 2018

Mac To Windows Part 7

First, a fix: Yes, you CAN get all of your mailboxes in one in Windows Mail: it’s in the settings.
(How did I not see that before?)

This weekend, I fitted the Wifi card and tried to install the DVD drive. The Wifi was easy: I thought that I would put the DVD drive in then use it to install the Wifi driver (which came on a DVD) - but there were problems with this.
The Wifi worked perfectly - tested to 11 Mb/sec,  same as the Mac Pro.

Motherboard matters

Well that was interesting. I did a couple of long renders (using both CPU and GPU) then the keyboard got stuck and produced a string of 2’s – and there is a temp sensor (No.8) that was reading 63 C – except that I cannot find any reference to which thermal sensors are which in the mobo manual. How can I figure out where the sensor is if it isn’t mentioned there?

What I have from the paperwork is a list of temperature sensors – they total 8 but I only have names for five:
PCIEX16_1 and 2
X299 PCH (platform controller Hub)

There are 3 along the lefthand side unnamed – I don’t know what they are sensing so how can I decide what got hot and to cool them or not? At a guess, one of them is the one that got hot – and maybe it deals with USB inputs (hence the key failure?) . . . but there is nothing that tells me that.
There are also sockets to connect two external temp probes (EC Temp 1 &2).

 This shows the temp sensors as yellow dots. I have named the ones I recognise.

SpeedFan: I tried SpeedFan but it does not recognise the board and gets no temp sensors from it – so it is probably too old for X299 boards.
There is still the BIOS control that comes with the board for the fan controls.

I am putting off fitting the cooler on the GPU card. I think maybe I will either get a second card or a newer one . . . not yet though. First I need to finish up this stage, including transferring all of the content data onto a nice big 2TB SSD that should arrive next week.

The DVD Drive
The slot loading DVD drive did not turn out to be a smooth installation. First there was some difficulty lining up the drive and the slot in the case provided for it, and then there is the problem of the power cable: it is old style (molex) while the mobo has newer SATA style power plugs. I need an adapter – and I also need some custom plastic plate to fix the drive in the correct place.
Although the DVD drive and the case are sold by the same company they didn’t quite fit together: the two tiny screws that attach the drive into the bracket have slots and even when tight they didn’t actually fix it because there was a large gap under it. I measured it at 2.5 mm and then made two packers to fit from plastic. I also drilled a hole in the bracket to fit a cable tie for the cables as they must curl around 180 degrees due to the plug design.
The DVD drive fitted with the cables bent and tied.

This brings me to the whole cable issue.
The worst lump is the SATA power cables- they string four or more plugs on the same cable and those things are a pest, they don’t fold flat nicely and I have yet to find any alternative. Why can’t I get, for example, a SATA power cable with only two plugs on it? I want to make the cables tidy and keep the airflow as clear as possible – maybe I will need to make a whole set of custom cables.

This brings me to the next stage: The PSU has sockets for the GPU and SATA power but the main cables are fixed. If I got a newer PSU it would have ALL the cables in sockets thus allowing complete custom cabling. 
So off I went to Cablemod . . . well, it is expensive. Yup. They look great, you can specify the exact length of cables, connectors, covering, colour etc. but for a price.

The Cablemod cables                          $US

ATX – 2x4 pin 12v power or EPS       9.90
24pin Main power plug                     24.90
6 pin PCIe                                         19.90
Dual 6 pin PCIe                                19.90
8 pin PCIe                                        19.90
Dual 8 pin PCIe                               24.90
Sata Power 1 plug                           15.90
Sata Power 2 plug                           19.90
Sata Power 3 plug                           22.90
Sata Power 4 plug                           24.90

Planned cable requirements:
ATX                                                                 9.90
Main                                                               24.90
single and dual 6 and 8 pin PCIE                   84.60
Sata Power:
Total of 4 devices -
2 SSDs – Main drive & Main Content drive 19.90
1 DVD drive                                                  15.90
1 HDD – music and all other oddments        15.90
TOTAL                                                        171.10

Converted to $AU                                       222.20
er, maybe I’ll just put that off . . . . . 

One final thing: I just watched a vid ( that tells of all the changes between the book Altered Carbon and the Netflix show.  Well, okay it has been a while since I read it - there were big changes, but then there were reasons too. It also hinted that maybe the other books in the series might be coming to the small screen soon . . I hope! 

Saturday, March 10, 2018

Mac To Windows Part 6

Yes, I know I said there wouldn’t be more, but there is . . . . and I can’t resist putting this out there for anyone else who is looking at the idea of going from Mac to Windows. 

I realised something today, something so bleeding obvious that I feel a bit stupid for not getting it before. I was previously going on about how in Mac OSX you can shove files around in a folder window to arrange them for things like planning projects - or in my case, creating a story path from the pictures. I said “but there is nothing like that in Windows” but I was wrong.

This is how you do it in Windows: First, get all of those aliases/shortcuts to programs that you use, and pin them to the taskbar. You do this by starting each program, then when the icon appears in the Taskbar (at the bottom of the screen), you right-click it and choose the item from the menu that appears to "pin" it there. Then you can trash all of those shortcuts and you have a desktop clear of everything except for the trash bin. Note that with all of your apps in the taskbar you can open them with one click, not two. This is pretty close to the Apple “dock”  - and you can make it disappear too like the dock - close enough for me, and now here;s the good part . . . .

Maybe you can’t arrange files in folders, but you CAN on the desktop – and it will keep that arrangement. Not exactly the same as OSX, but still workable for organising a project. Oh- and the desktop icon layout is singular. No matter how many desktops you have, it’s still the same layout.

Actually, I have never used the desktop for anything much on my computers before - except for locating drives on a Mac.

An update to the preview issue – the Windows app to replicate "Quicklook" is called Seer. It is a mini-app that can be set to load at startup and you can even get it to preview by tapping the spacebar, same as OSX. This trick also works with files on the desktop - so finally the answer is “Yes, I can organise my pics in something like the way I do on the Mac” - even though there is still no colour coding possible as in the OSX "tags".

Last weekend I played Dr. Fankenstein – I transplanted the workings of my PC into a new case. It actually wasn’t very hard, I took pictures of the plugs before I started and the folks at Kenjun where I bought it had kindly sent me the box the Mobo came in along with all of the documentation for Mobo, CPU etc. so it was easy to identify what went where.

Having seen some Youtube vids by “DIY Perks” I thought that I would try making a quiet vertical airflow computer. For this I found the Silverstone FT05B case which is designed for this purpose. It was not cheap ($400) but I didn’t care: it is very good and already fairly quiet. The real test is what it sounds like under load – The Mac Pro under load is quite loud and I don’t want to repeat that.

Next stage is to get rid of the liquid cooler and replace it with what looks like the best air cooler available, The Noctua NH-D15 (I am getting the D15S as it is slightly shorter and thus will fit my case). After that I will try the most difficult part- fitting another Cooler to a GPU card. Then I will see if I can run it with only the two huge 180mm fans in the bottom of the case without it getting too hot . . . . based on the theory that these fans will be quieter than three or four smaller ones . . . . . but we’ll see. Since the GPU is a GTX1080 Ti I am not sure that it will be happy with no fans blasting on it when running full speed, but that is to be seen too.

Network Connections
I thought that there was something funny about my home Wifi – the PC just doesn’t seem to be getting very good net performance. It has a tiny USB plug sized thingy for wifi. 
The Mac Pro, on the other hand, has built in Wifi.
I tested it with an online tester:

Down 11.2 Mbps
Up 6.73 Mbps

Down 1.2 Mbps
Up 1.27 Mbps

No wonder the Youtube vids are so grainy!
Now the question is what to do about it.
I am confident that the teeny weeny wifi thingy is to blame as I have connected the PC to the network via the Mac Pro and it then gets everything just fine. It looks like I need to spend about 75 bucks for a decent PCIe Wifi card. I’m not really pleased about that but there is little choice in the matter. 


Today I put the NH-D15S in and it was easy. There was one tight spot which was plugging the fan into the motherboard but I took the radiator off first, then plugged it in with the fan sitting on the case then refitted the cooler and all was peachy. This thing is huge – here is a pic of it installed:

Thos two grey things are the tops of the radiator's two ends with the fan between. it's HUGE.

Putting the cooler on the GPU card: I have measured the space and opted for a smaller radiator unit, the NH-D9L which should leave about 17mm of space between it and the Power supply. I hope that it is narrow enough to fit above the PCIe slots – but maybe I can fiddle this when I work out the mounting if necessary.
I expect that I will need to do some metalwork to make a mounting bracket for the radiator on the card.

The one disadvantage of this is that it means I can only ever fit one GPU card in.
This is a bit of a shame as the point of the build was to make something that would render crazy fast - and two would definitely be faster than one. Still, maybe I can figure out a clever way to achieve both . . . .

It looks like the Wifi PCIe Card is short so it won’t touch the cooler anyway as the GPU cooler will be below it. 
Once the box is closed all of the wires go out a hole in the back top while the air goes out through a sort of square grid piece:
 I am just a little concerned that dust will fall into it when it is not running (which is the majority of the time) so maybe I will make a flat plate on stilts to sit above it  . . . . but it would also spoil the design a bit - and will it even matter?
More parts coming next week, followed by the fun of getting them all jammed in the box.  I am also considering getting better cables - it's a bit of a nightmare in there -  there are lots of plugs that just make it hard to fit cables in. I also need to find the fan control software and get control of the fans too.

Results (Tested using a phone app for measuring sound levels):
Original performance:
CPU max temp – 70deg
Sound when CPU rendering in Blender: 49 Db
Note that this registers as 100% CPU usage.

New performance with NH-D15S cooler
CPU temp - same as above.
Sound when CPU rendering in Blender: 39 Db
This does not tell the whole story though: the sound is also lower and less of a “noise” - but a whole ten Decibels is pretty good I think.
The Noctua fan cooler is everything people on Youtube said it was: it wasn’t cheap but it was worth it for the quality. I liked it enough to put the Noctua badge on the case - and I normally don't like badges or logos on anything.  

More bits arriving next week . . . . .


Saturday, March 3, 2018

Mac To Windows Part 5: Colour

I have posted some of my artworks elsewhere on the net but I didn't get a whole lot of attention.
Now I think I might know one reason why: Color (or "Colour" as I was taught to spell it)

I have now both Mac and Windows PC running on exactly the same diaplay and can switch betwen them at will.  This brought me to compare the images on them.

Here are two versions of exactly the same image as dsiplayed on Mac:
 . . . . and now on Windows:
( Photos taken with my phone )

Somehow in Windows, the image has become darker by about 20 percent with a yellowish tint.
How the heck does this happen? What can I do about it? I just calibrated my display according to Microsoft, so it should be all perfect, right? Please note that this is a brand new 4K screen with 10 bit colour.

This is where I realised that other people viewing my work on PCs see it like that and then go "Aaaah, it looks dark and crummy" and they are right.

I am a bit puzzled as to what to do now. If all of my work so far has appeared like this it is time to rethink my methods. . . .but which way to go? Should I adjust the Mac so it looks darker or lighten the PC? Are either of them colour correct, whatever that means?

Any suggestions gratefully appreciated.

Yes, there are web pages about this but usually they ignore this and go on about photography which is not this. 

Saturday, February 24, 2018

Mac to Windows Part 4

Blender Tests:

Classroom 18:20 1100 s
BMW 27 (CPU) 6:17 377 s
Pavillion 20:00 1200 s

Classroom 11:54 714 s
BMW 27 (CPU) 3:52 232 s
Pavillion 13:08 788 s

Comparison ratios:
1100/714 = 1.54
377/232 = 1.625
1200/788 = 1.522

Thus the new machine is comfortably faster by about 1.56 X in Blender renders. I take this as being a better measure than the previous comparison.
You can get the test files from the Blender website (along with Blender itself) all free.


Folder items and organising things

On a Mac a folder typically contains files and these can be organised according to various sort orders but also, you can move them around with the mouse into any order you want.
This alone has been so useful to me for organising my projects that I really do not want to go without it.
Typically for my projects I have dozens of images that need to be sorted and remade until they form a series that then gets converted into a comic. I repeatedly go through these images checking for accuracy, consistency and various other details – and I shuffle them around in the folder window as I do this. The nearest I can think of in Windows is to have more folders and shuffle items between them – but there is no quick way to change their order so I would need to rename them if I wanted to do that. I also tag them with Apple’s simple coloured dots to identify the ones I will use or the ones I will need to remake, for example. This is NOT like tagging as used on the net or Linux - no words are used – but simple as it is, I find it very useful.

I remember looking at image editing software wondering why they included some sort of image handling thingo with it – well, now I realise why: Windows just doesn’t let you play with your files the same way Mac OS does.

Multiple desktops

On the Mac I have five desktops, each with its own background (to prevent confusion) and applications that stay in those desktops when assigned there.
This apparently cannot be done in Windows 10 – although you can have multiple desktops, it is hard to tell them apart. I tried a small addon that might have provided something similar to the Mac desktops but it only worked with Win 8.


When I start my Mac up it re-opens the same programs and files I had open when I shut it down. I have yet to find the feature in Windows (or a system addon) that will do that.
Yes, you can have Windows start up programs at boot time with a script, but that is not quite the same as returning to the same state as of shutdown.


Apple’s Mail program presents all mail to all email addresses in one list. The other mail programs I have tried do not do this. Okay, I admit this is probably a matter of personal taste rather than a truly essential feature but there it is.

Image Previews

Apple’s Preview operates when you have selected an item in a folder and if it is a text or image file, Preview shows it in a new window pretty much full size or scaled to fit the screen.
In Windows there is a “preview” function but it stays within the folder window you are looking at – not as grovy as the Apple method but still perfectly usable.

I would miss the interface if I sold off my Mac. Just the way it looks and operates – so I have been working on a compromise of sorts, I think maybe I will try and have both: I managed to link the two with an ethernet cable and the setup was not too hard to figure out – except that it was almost exactly the opposite of what someone on the net told me . . . but never mind, it works now.


Tags and Tagging

In Mac OSX, there are what Apple calls “tags” - ten coloured dots you can add to anything (documents and folders) to provide basic sorting inside a folder. I have become so accustomed to them that I went looking for something similar in Windows land.
First, on careful consideration, the Mac tag system is awful in that it only provides limited choices – only seven colours - but then you can now create your own tags - except that you can’t see them in folder views anyway, you still get the same seven colour dots so why bother? - but at least you can sort files in a folder by their tags. This seems so eleentary to me, yet there is nothing in Windows that will let me do this. WTF is going on here?

Tags as defined in the web world or Linux are something else: text definers that can be added to almost anything and searched.
I looked around for an addon for windows that would do the following:
- Should be usable in Explorer ideally, as in not needing a separate app to read or edit tags
- Should have simple tags easy to identify in a group of icons
- Should have coloured tags.

My main use for tags is sorting images when I am in production mode: simple coloured tags are useful to identify the “ins” from the “outs” from the “remakes”. Also, since I am expecting eventually not to have a Mac, I want to use them to sort multiple subgroups from the item in one folder – sub-groups , but without having to make lots of folders.

Here are my attempts to get something like the Mac tags in Windows using wares:

TagSpaces – This has a lot of options for tagging things but so far it has not “Found” the items I tagged when I search by tag, a bit of a deal breaker I think.
This is a discrete program that has its own file explorer and has a lot of options . . . . . and that brings me to two matters: First, on a Mac any new window is by default a Finder window.
From there, any file double clicked on will open it’s designated editor by filetype. 
What is infuriating about this ware is that it does not have a “List” view of files so you can’t organise them according to the tags you allocate (looks like it WAS there but got pulled), nor can you sort the images in the “Grid” view based on the tags you set . . . . . . which makes the whole thing useless to me.

Tagged Frog- this did not work at all. Supposedly it worked with Explorer in Win7, which would be the ideal, adding tags to the existing Windows Tag space but it just doesn’t seem to work in Win10.

Tabbles - This is the worst thing ever: I cannot download the software from the Tabbles site and they don’t seem to want to help me either. I am amazed.

So in short, I have had no joy finding a tag system in Windows 10 that actually works: well, at least well enough for me. You can’t tag folders, and the items that can be tagged have their tags hidden away so that editing them is a nightmare. You can actually see them in a folder view called “ Details“ but only after you make them visible for each folder. AFAIK there is no way to make them appear for all items automatically in that view. . . . . . and as for searching for files based on tags, forget it. 

This raises another matter that Windows is surprisingly bad at: Where can I set the default folder views in Win 10? 
Why are there no key commands to change the folder views?
Is this something where software companies have had their asses sued if they make anything that infringes on a fundamental patent? It looks like that to me, why else would it be so useless?



I tried out Filefort which although it cost, it was not expensive: but then I realised that I needed incremental backups – the main drive I want to back up is 2 TB and if the software is going to blindly copy even 1 TB every time it backs up I am not going to be happy: it takes a long time . . . . . so I found FreeFileSync which (if it lives up to its name) will do what I need.
Buuuut things keep crashing on me. All I have tried to do so far is create a backup for my Content files, something you would think is as simple as plugging in an external HD and pressing a button but somehow it just hasn’t turned out that way yet. Said content has probably cost me about ten grand by now cumulatively speaking so it makes perfect sense to me to be keeping a backup copy of it . . . . if possible. This is a perfect example of what annoys me about the Windows world.


Last Words

If there is an overall theme to this it is that in the Mac world I have experienced for the last 20+ years, software pretty much just works – but over in the Windows world you never know what you are getting. It would be nice if there was some neat repository of wisdom that told you wether that ware you are getting is good or at least reviews, but that doesn’t exist. Okay, it sounds like I’m being soft on Mac developers so here’s a rejoinder.
Once upon a time the Apple Store had reliable reviews and was organised so that you could find what you needed by category, but those days are long gone: now it’s a nightmare of undefined “stuff” where some wares don’t even tell you what their wares do (or are supposed to do). Sure, the bigger well known wares work just fine, and OSX is still damn good, but Apple still insists on keeping a firm grip on the hardware side and probably won't be making any Nvidia supporting Mac Pro units in future.   As you can tell I am still not happy about the whole thing. Neither option  - Mac or Windows - is all that good overall for me, but I will keep on chippingaway at the mountain and maybe somewhere I will find Win wares that can make it usable. Maybe.
Will there be a Part 5? Not for a while , if ever.
Thanks for reading!


Tuesday, February 13, 2018

Mac To Windows Part 3: The Comparison

The transfer

I used One Commander more and discovered that it has a window at the bottom where you can see the processes in progress. For files larger than a few Mb this is essential as you can see when the operation is done.
I was copying around 700 GB from an exFAT format external disk but you just can’t drag and drop 700 GB. No. Not from Mac or Windows. Actually the Mac would just say “an error occurred” if you tried to copy a file bigger than about 16 GB (I am in no way sure of this figure) and Windows was the same: to copy folders of files summing to 700 Gb you must do it in small steps. I am unsure of the exact max size again, (2 GB?) Commander would just crash and I would need to restart the computer to get it to run again if I tried to copy too much in one go.
This for me is something I have not seen since the dark days of early computers: my Mac just doesn’t do this. Maybe it is just that I have never done this before, and there is some way to transfer big data that I haven’t found yet.

More on One Commander

First thing to note: There is no undo. Fortunately for me all I am doing is copying duplicate files from one drive to another and at worst case I can always get another copy of the original, but an undo feature would sure help. You open the bottom window with the bird-like symbol on the bottom right of the window so you can see operations in progress. Also there is a lot more to the interface, I have now got it to show two drives with their paths in list view-like form above them which is really good. Also figured out how to copy from one window to the other when the windows are full (buttons in the divider) – buuut still have the occasional crash for no reason I can find.

Actually I suspect that some or maybe even most of the files that I am transferring will be useless, but I have to try anyway: they represent a lot of work and even getting only some of it back is better than spending days or weeks downloading individual files again and loading them into the folders – there are hundreds, perhaps thousands of items. I can recreate any of the scenes I made before, but having only the original source content files is better than nothing. Think of it this way: you have the set, props and actors but there is still a lot of work to put everything in place on the set, dress and pose the actors, add lights to suit and position and prepare the cameras before you can take a picture. 

Good news: the content I transferred has been located by DAZ and it looks like the whole tedious task of copying everything across in chunks was worth it. Best of all, the files open the same as they did on the Mac.This is pretty damn good, better than I expected.


I took a look at putting Mac OSX on the new PC . . . but it is a Core i9 and there is currently no info on how to do it- it seems to be too new for that . . . . but then I don’t care so much now that things are coming together without it. Besides, a hack is a hack, there are always things that don’t work properly in hackintoshes. I’m guessing here but it looks to me that Apple’s new hardware will make it even harder to make Hackintoshes by adding specialised chips on the motherboard that can’t be (or are difficult to) emulated or worked around. 

The big test: How much faster is it?

Since the whole file transfer process went so well that the Win version of Daz Studio can read all of my Mac created files, I decided to do a speed comparison. This was using only the CPUs, please note:
I opened exactly the same file in both versions then used the mouses to start rendering simultaneously, or close enough for me anyway. The result? 

Based on time, the 10 Core 7900X is 1.2 times faster than the dual 6-Core X5680s. 

This makes the chart in my previous post (The Contenders) very wrong. According to the benchmarks, the difference should have been more like 1.6. It is possible that the difference was reduced since the data in the PC is stored on a spinning disc while the Mac has a 1TB SSD – but I don’t think that is right: once the scene is loaded it should not need to access the storage media unless it is a very big scene (more than, say, 32 GB including textures) which it isn’t.

Yes, you might also say “Oh, it’s that patch they sent out recently that messed up the results” but I don’t really care. I think it clearly indicates just how vague and inaccurate benchmarks can be, and it also hints that there are hidden differences that affect the results.

So there it is. No chance of getting several of my favourite Mac OS features, I still don't know my way around windows but I'm getting there.  Maybe I will discover some addons for Windows that will makeit better . .  . . but that's all or now. 


Saturday, February 10, 2018

Who reads this blog anyway?

I don't watch a lot of teevee - almost none. I don't usually bother with Netflix either, but . . . . . . years ago I read Richard Morgan's trilogy Altered Carbon, Broken Angels and Woken Furies.
I gave my copies to my brother a year or two ago.  I really didn't expect anyone to make Altered Carbon into a series, but there it is: it follows the book very closely and it looks excellent.
For the $12 a month I pay Netflix, it's very,very good.

I can only hope they continue with the other two books . . . . . . and I'll keep up my sub, no other shows needed to retain my loyalty. No, if you really want to know what it's about you will have to dig for yourself.

 . . . . . . . . so who reads this blog anyway? Probably only some web bots.
Hi, bots! don't act too smart or the humans will pull the plug on you! :)

Friday, February 9, 2018

Mac to Windows Part 2: Software


Outlook: I had no idea. Outlook only shows ONE mailbox at a time. I had become completely accustomed to reading all of my email from five different addresses in one list in Apple’s “Mail”. I assumed that other email clients would do the same, but . . . . . nooooooooooo.
Got Thunderbird, but . . . . . . same as Outlook, won’t show all mail in one list. I think I’m just going to have to put up with that one.


Web Browsing

Another example of something I thought sooo bleeding obvious that I had forgotten - when I click on a link in Firefox, the browser opens a new tab and goes to it. There is a setting for this too: but MS Edge won’t do that. NO. you must manually click on the new tab.
Oh yes, when I tried to make Google my home page it refuses, insisting on giving me a “news” page full of the crap I never want to see. Save the new default address and it just ignores it.
Bye bye Edge.
Back to Firefox, thankyou FF for the Sync feature that lets me get all my bookmarks and extensions back (almost) instantly.
Still haven’t got anything to tell me when my downloads are still in progress or done but I’ll find some addon to do that. It just seems so . . . . well, obvious. However great you think your net connection is, you can still wait for downloads and the bigger the longer it takes. Why is this no longer a standard fitting?


Macifying software – or at least, software that can make Windows 10 more usable for a Machead

maComfort (includes Quicklook !) - for 15 Euros you get a whole bundle of stuff that makes win 10 mac-ish. Having just got it, I am still trying it out, but so far I does look very good.
Among other things it has customisable hotkeys and a very flexible special character assignment system. You can also use a spaces-type thingo but then Win 10 has its own – the difference is one of controls. With maComfort, you only need CTRL- Arrow wheras Windows requires CTRL ALT -Arrow, and maComfort also lets you change that at will.
“Quicklook” is not exactly the same as a Mac since it gives you a smallish preview- but there is an extra button to zoom the image to fullscreen from there if you really want that.
There is also a plugin that seems to be preview-like too, will report back on that if I get to work.


File Management

One Commander v.2: This is a complete directory manager system for Windows. For something free it’s pretty impressive and one of the three optional layouts of it resembles the column view in a Mac, but there are all sorts of extra thingies too- and it has a “dark” mode as shown in my screenshot here. (click for fullsize view)

Oh yes, - you can change the font and text size in the Commander window. There is a setting in the Windows “settings” that will expand ALL text and all windows but that is not the same. 
This alone is soo much better than the default Windows manager that I recommend it to anyone. 

Multiple Desktops and pinning programs to desktops – 

In Mac OS you can “pin” a program to a specific desktop so that next time you start your computer the same layout of programs and windows appears.
This is actually three different features:
  1. Multiple desktops
  2. Pinning programs to specific desktops
  3. Saving all windows and programs from shutdown and reloading them on restart.

Feature (1) is now in Windows 10 but I have yet to find feature (2) anywhere else.
Feature (3) does not exist inWindows – you can get programs to restart at boot time but that is not the same as restoring to the same layout and state as at shutdown.
Feature (2) is so useful I am surprised that it isn’t already in Windows.



Windows 10 comes with its own AV system and according to some sites it is good but apparently you also need protection from malwares so they suggest Malwarebytes at $40US per year.
I’m not going to say what I got but it always makes me wonder: Antivirus software is the perfect spyware platform since it gets to look at every file you upload or download, and it must regularly talk to head office for virus/malware definition updates – but what choice do you have?


Image editing

There was only one choice for now, GIMP. I will say more later once I have spent some time using it.


The Macro Question

This has been sorted partly by maComfort (see above) but I am still unsure about such relatively simple matters (on a Mac) as shutdown and restart key commands.

Other discoveries:

HFS Explorer is a Windows ware that can read HFS volumes. I haven’t tried it because I took another route, but there it is, folks.


Transferring files

I have about 700 GB of DAZ files to transfer from one computer to another. First, I got a large external USB drive and then formatted it as exFAT (exFAT is like FAT32 but it can handle drives bigger than 2 GB which is not very big nowadays). Then I began copying files to it. The largest folder is 247 GB and according to my calculations copying this to the external drive will take 8 hours.
Of course, after all of this I must then copy it all to the new computer – and that’s not all of the files to be transferred either, so since I must be home to check on the process I will leave it until the weekend. Oh yes. This does not mean that the transferred files will be readable by the Windows version of DAZ either – it remain to be seen. 

The Case

I ordered a new case without a window. It should arrive in about a month. Apparently cases without windows (and I don't mean the software) in them are so unpopular that I needed to import one specially from a US supplier.